Dissertations

Author: Funda Tosun Çoşkun
A Study on the Cult of Goddness Based George Thomson's Theories
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Solmaz Zelyüt Hünler

ABSTRACT
We find history of social, economic and cultural society in this thesis where matriarchal origins are researched. This work intends to explain the changed social structures between past and today. In addition to this, we thought about the changed social structures and models between genera that chanced with economical conditins. The meaning of womanhood changed during this process. Women were sacred and untouchable in the matriarchal tradition. However, they are cursed and blemished in the patriarchal tradition. Furthermore, their hierarchical position was decreased by the patriarchal custom. İn additon, we tend to emphasize the disagreement that between fundamental and modern cultures.

 
Author: Evrim GULER AKSOY
The Relationship Between Women and Power in Oya Baydar's Sıcak Kulleri Kaldı.
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Günsel İşçi
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2008.

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this thesis is to analyze the relationship between women and power in literature. With this objective we have chosen Oya Baydar and her works, and focused attention on Sıcak Kulleri Kaldı, a novel which deals with the problematic relationship between women and power. In the first section of the thesis the concept of power is scrutinized in its sociological and political background. The Second section deals with feminist literary criticism, especially those theories that attract attention on the problematic issue examined in this study. In the light of the theoretical findings the third section analyzes the relationship between women and power in Oya Baydar's Sıcak Kulleri Kaldı.

 

Author: Hatice Bülbül
Türkan Şoray's Film Yılanı Öldürseler in The Light of Aeschylus' Oresteian Trilogy
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Nevzat Kaya
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2010.

ABSTRACT
Aeschylus' Oresteian Trilogy – "Agamemnon", "The Libation Bearers" and "The Eumenides" – tells how vendetta and the barbaric period ends, along with through which apparatuses civilisation is constituted. In the last play of the trilogy "The Eumenides", one of the most important evidences of Orestes' acquittal is that there is no blood bond between the child and the mother and the mother is merely the mediator who is entrusted with carrying the child of the father. In this sense, Orestes has not committed crime by killing his mother who has taken the life of his father (Agamemnon), on the contrary, he has preserved the honour of his family. Besides, the actual reason why Clytaemnestra is killed is her personality and actions that are against the woman figure that the patriarchal order has constructed. The verdict of the trial that is set for the acquittal of Orestes has also become the precursor of a new perid: the barbaric period has drawn to an end and law order has been established. While in the trilogy this has been accomplished through the instrumentalization of Ancient Greek Mythology as a source of motifs, the elements like vendetta and barbarism that belong to the archaic ages are teleologically associated with civilisation, culture and enlightenment. On the contrary, from the gender perspective, barbaric periods are made to coincide with the matriarchal period. This fact that presented by the Enlightenment ideology as if it were an essential aspect is nothing but a misogynist expression of the patriarchal gender policy.
This misogynist attitude of the patriarchal gender policy has been revealed in Türkan Şoray's film Yılanı Öldürseler, which is adapted from Yaşar Kemal's novel with the same title. Since Esme whose husband is killed by her lover does not succumb to the rules of the patriarchal order and thus forms a threat against the continuation of the patriarchal order, she has to be executed – just like Clytemnestra she is murdered. In both works, the ones who are made to commit murder for the sake of the maintenance of the patriarchal order are the sons. The patriarchal order that claims that it has put an end to the barbaric period and construct civilisation through annihilating the myths and putting rationality in the center, has not only constituted its own myths, but also given way to the persistence of the notions such as vendetta and slaughter which are said to belong to the periods of the goddesses.

 

Author: Reha Keskin
Antik Yunan Tragedyasında Toplumsal Cinsiyet Bakımından "Çirkinin Estetiği" The Aesthetic of Ugliness" in the Ancient Grek Tragedy from the Aspect of Gender
Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Kerem Karaboğa
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2011.

ABSTRACT
Although the concept of beauty comes first when aesthetics is in question, some of the philosophers studying aesthetics have been claiming that aesthetics just analyzing the value of beauty would be a deficient and restrictive approach. Karl Rosenkranz, in his book Ästhetik des Hässlichen, written in 1853, defined ugliness as the lack of beauty and regarded it as an aesthetic category. The foundation of ideas regarding the concepts of aesthetic like the ugliness and beauty as we mention today goes back to Ancient Greece. From Ancient Greece to today, beauty has been associated to harmony, symmetry, order, truth and goodness; while the ugliness lacking beauty has been linked to disharmony, disorder, asymmetry, incorrectness, wrongness and badness. In designating perception of aesthetics, that is qualifying something as beautiful or ugly, ideology appears to be the main determining factor.
In this study, our aim is also to reveal the gender-based aesthetic perception of the masculine ideology, to present the relation between the sex and gender following the aesthetic signs, and to question the power relations between sexes and the standpoint towards women again with regard to the aesthetic signs.
To that end, this study examines the tragedies of Euripides' Medea, Aischylus' trilogy of Oresteia (Agamemnon, the Libation Bearers and the Eumenides) by involving the 'classical' male body which J.Joachim Winckelmann defines the beauty in the context of Ancient Greece with the woman's body which undergoes constant metamorphosis. In both of the works written through a dominant masculine view, while femininity has been identified with the Nature, emotion, object and chaos and described as ugly, masculinity has been associated with the Culture, the Mind, subject and cosmos and described with the beauty.

 

Author: Fulya İÇÖZ
Witch in Fairytales: The Archetype of The Other
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Dilek Direnç
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2008.

ABSTRACT
Fairy tales which appear as the reflection of the cultural inheritance consist of symbols called archetypes. Archetypes are symbols which do not change and are stable in the collective conscious of people. Fairy tales consist of the adventures of the stereotypes which were created from these archteypes. Princes, princesses have adventures to reach their happy ending ever after but tales also has evil characters besides the good ones. One of these evil characters is witches. The witches are the characters who create obstacles in the hero/heroine's way, try to kill the good characters, do evil deeds without any obvious reason. However there are reasons for the witches to appear like this. Tales, which we can come across first in the oral tradition later in the written tradition, have roots in mythology and legends. Mythological characters have become stereotypes and examples for their successors. That is why the past of the evil witch has a connection with many female characters such as Hecate and Circe in mythology. The witches in tales possess many peculiarities of these mythological characters. Tales are the reflections of the culture of a society, too. For this reason the connection of their characters with society is inevitably obvious. The affairs of the times in which the tales were created determined the plot of the tale and the actions of the characters. That is why the women who were not faithful living independently from the community and/or defying the community were alienated and became the other. To prevent their example for the other women of the society, they were were shown as an outsider and as the one who had to be feared. That is because the witches in tales are women and evil.
However, feminist criticism and postmodern literature have different approaches on the matter of fairy tales. Postmodern literature re-writes, recreates, re-shapes the characters and it has a different point of view. The characters who do not have voices in canonical literature have voices and stories in contemporary literature. In this thesis firstly the status of the witch in society and later woman-witch problematic are discussed. Next the status of the witch in tales is stated and its transformation in contemporary literature is examined.

 

Author: Emel Yalamaç
Female Characters in the Turkish Cinema Since 2000
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Dilek İmançer
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2011.

ABSTRACT
Since Ancient Turks, woman has assumed different roles, which have been essentially same under the effects Islam, Ottoman culture, Kemalism and Modernism. Through historical course, it is observed that important changes have been experienced in the social status of the Turkish woman and that issues like education, participation in working life, violence and prostitution have remained within the patriarchal structure which is preserved solidly in today‟s society. Turkish cinema has been one of the most important tools that represents social roles idealized by the patriarchal order. Relationship between woman and cinema whose almost any field from technical field to acting is dominated by men, is constructed especially around female representations. In this study, the effects of Turkish modernization on social status of woman and education, employment, violence and prostition problems of woman have been discussed; if the female representations have been constructed according to the patriarchal ideology, how much they overlap with the actual reality and whether a discourse on women‟s issues has been developed or not have been analyzed.

 

Author: Gizem Ayşe Weber
Women & Decadence: Fin-de Siécle Motifs in Colette's
Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Neyin Yıldırım Koyuncu
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2011.

ABSTRACT
This dissertation considers fin-de-siècle motifs of gender relations as they are represented in Colette‟s novels La Retraite Sentimentale (1907), Chéri (1920), La Fin de Chéri (1926) and La Chatte (1933). First, it focuses on ways in which Colette‟s novels can be related to debate on gender identity during the decadent movement. This debate focuses on a more generalized sense of cultural despair that was discernible after 1870 in diverse political, social and literary discourses. Whereas some commentators have argued that Colette‟s novels reproduce reactionary and anti-feminist stereotypes, this dissertation suggests that the ambiguities evident in Colette‟s figures reveal the inconsistencies and limitations of the ideals of femininity and masculinity that were widely promoted during this period. Second, the dissertation examines in more detail the usage of écriture féminine and writing the body from the perspective of French literary criticism. In conclusion, Colette‟s novels equally flag up the difficulties inherent for both sexes as they attempt to negotiate a space for their identity within the competing gender discourses of French decadent movement.

 

Author: H. Nilüfer Günay
The Constuction of Gender Roles in the Novels of Kerime Nadir
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2007.

ABSTRACT
Kerime Nadir is an unique author who managed to implement the habit and the pleasure of reading into the Turkish society right after the Republic was established. Her work came out as newspaper serials, as books and as movie adaptations. Even though Kerime Nadir's real place was never given in the modern Turkish literature and her work was identified as none-literary, popular love stories, it is not possible to understand our society without examining her and other authors alike. Today such pieces are widely studied under the "Gendering" headline.
Nadir is portraying all the requirements for modern, westernized inhouse living to her readers through the female character she uses in her publications. While she places female characters to the foundation of her stories, she often uses male characters to do the narration.
Kerime Nadir's main female characters are well educated, liberal and economically free. They all act as unique individuals who do not abide to the generally accepted social norms, express their feelings very easily and believe in the equality of man and woman. On the other hand, her main male characters are always very emotional and sentimental. They never match with the male model of a regular patriarchal family. One can only see such patriarchal male characters in the secondary or tertiary roles in her stories. These tough male characters are usually unsuccessful people who are unable to hang on to life. Kerime Nadir always emphasizes on the equality of man and woman and she also questions the matrimonial institution. She has serious comments on the "Female Realm" - as she puts it. After taking all these remarks into consideration within the concept of gender equality, we can easily state that Kerime Nadir is a feminist.

 
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to draw attention to the role of women's auto/biographies in the writing of women's history and to read Cahit Ucuk's Bir İmparatorluk Çökerken as a representative of women's auto/biographies. This thesis refers to the studies that attempt to give women visibility in history and examines the role of auto/biography within literature and historiography.
Bir İmparatorluk Çökerken reflects family relations and support systems of women who belong to different generations and who have the power to direct their own lives. Cahit Ucuk's autobiography covers a whole century and contains observations about women's daily lives focusing on neglected areas such as women's gender roles, their relationship with the public sphere and among themselves, male and female identities that remain outside of the established norms. Cahit Ucuk's autobiographical narrative demonstrates what the official history neglects and thus contributes to feminist historiography.
 

Author: Derya Kaylı
Women's Emancipation and Women's Bodies in Feminist Critical Approaches
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Ayşe Durakbaşa
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2009.

ABSTRACT:
The thesis is based on a discussion of the problem of women's liberation via women's bodies. The construction of the dichotomy of male/female in the history of thought in the West, and especially in the modernist discourse is critically reviewed. The construction of the female body with irrational qualities pertaining to Nature and the private sphere as "the feminine sub-world as opposed to the male rationality and the accordingly established public and social sphere are problematized. Feminism itself is taken as a modernist movement, a self conscious protest movement, restored to history by women who have been discriminated and reduced to the Other of modernity, which is characterized by the adoption of the universal values of primacy of reason, equality and freedom.
Women's voyage for freedom is reviewed starting from enlightened liberal feminists, who have searched for women's emancipation in equal rights of citizenship. Simone de Beauvoir's work, The Second Sex, which is regarded as a paradigmatic text in feminist theory, is discussed in detail, for it is an inspiring text from the point of the main problem of this thesis.
The views of radical feminists, who discuss sexuality in terms of feminist politics, critically evaluating heterosexual sexuality and sexism, their options for liberation as well as the shortcomings of their theory are discussed.
As opposed to the construction of the women's body as a "lack" or "deprivation" with certain negative qualities, in the malestream discourses, the cultural feminists, who have positively favoured women's fertility and motherhood, are discussed in a specific chapter.
Freud, who has drawn criticisms of the feminists because of his theory of women's sexuality on the basis of "penis lack", and criticism of Freud by Lacan, who modified Freud's theory at the symbolic level reinterpreting "penis" as "phallus" or as "the law of the father" in the language are discussed in the last chapter.
The ideas of Irigaray, Cixous ve Kristeva are summarized because of their emphasis on the "speaking body" as a topic in the social sciences and because they have tried to alter the status of "women as the other" theorizing about the female body. Finaly, the formulation of gender as a discourse, and defined as a process of regulated and repeated performative acts in Butler's theorization is discussed briefly.

 

Author: Yöntem Kılkış
Gender and Body in Modernist Writers
Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Nevin Yıldırım Koyuncu
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2011.

ABSTRACT:
When attempting to define the body, we question the ideology of a period which shows how the economic, social and political discourse of that period shape and gender the body. Politics of feminisms in all their varieties have one thing in common: When concerning to define the distinctions between sex and gender, their primary concern is the body, especially female body. The major thinkers of feminist theory have reshaped our ideas of how women and men understand what the body is.
The Modernist movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries constituted a literary and cultural revolution. Modernism introduced a new openness to feminism, homosexuality, androgyny and bisexuality by questioning gender and the body. Freud is one of the most influential thinkers of the modernism. His work had a profound influence upon the literature and art of the modernist period. The writing of Freud offers to modernist thinking in his view of the body and sexuality that individuals achieve gendered identities through social process. His description of Oedipus complex provides psychological and social explanations for heterosexuality. This study attempts to analyze D. H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers and Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse within the framework of psychoanalysis and feminist psychoanalytic theories.
Both D. H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf are considered among the pioneers of modernist literature. Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse and D. H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers are both major novels of Modernism. This present study traces the body and gender in both texts to reveal these modernist writers' ideals of femininity and masculinity and to find out their textual and sexual politics in their literary period. At the end of this thesis, we will try to convey how the modernist period perceives and represents gender and the body by examining these two modernist writers' texts.

 

Author: Latife Canan Kaplan
Seducing The Demon: Women and Sexuality in The Cage of Desire, Society and Memory in The Novels of Erica Jong and Duygu Asena
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Dilek Direnç
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2012.

ABSTRACT
The efforts of second wave feminism claiming women body and identity are also depicted by women authors in literature. They criticised the male view that always defines and objectifies woman from male point of view, also depriving woman's sexuality and desire. The struggle of woman against that view, demanding desire and independence is an effort in being a "subject". Jong and Asena has made that effort concrete by depicting their female characters' sexual experiences and behavior strategies, struggling against pressure. But sometimes their stress on sexuality has overshadowed building an identity through breaking the gender ideologies.
The authors described "presentable" modern women's story. The personal freedom model that they present us is questionable according to its effectiveness in the struggle of all women in long term. They are effected by one dimensional feminism that reduced feminism's historical and political ground to "feeling good" and personal advancement discourse. They couldn't expose a more general order that prevent woman's effort in being a subject in every ground. But both of them successfully exposed taboos on women body and the memory that collects taboo-breaking experiences through three generations.
As Vance also says, focusing only on the pleasure and joy of sexuality means ignoring patriarchial structure. Whereas, talking only about the sexual pressure means ignoring women's sexual preference and power experiences and increases hopelessnes, by showing woman as a victim. Therefore, it is essential to see the dualist feature of sexuality in demanding woman body and identity.

 
Author:Eda Özlü
The Dicotomy of Apollon Dionysos at Francis Ford Coppola's "Bram Stoker's Dracula
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Nevzat Kaya
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2004.
 
Author: Müge Boztepe
Woman, As A Single Mother, Through Two Migrations
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Neşe Özgen
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2005.
 
Author: Dilek Altay
Analysing Different Forms of Privacy Regarding the Use of Space and the Perception of Gender in the Works of Female and Male Writers
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Melek Göregenli
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2004.
 
Author: Başak Karaduman
A Study Over Turkish Intellectual View's About the Fact of Woman: Ismayıl Hakkı Baltacıoğlu
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Serap Yılmaz
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2005.
 
Author: Fatma Yıldırım
Women Employment on Participation Process of EU in Turkey 1990-2003
Advisor: Yrd. Doç. Dr. Meneviş Uzbay
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2005.
 
Author: Sıla Çadırcıoğlu
The Domestic Violence Against Women from the Legal Perspective; The Practice of "The Act of Protecting Family Numbered as 4320" in Izmir City Courts
Advisor: Yrd. Doç. Dr. Bedriye Işık Özkaya
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2002.
 
Author: Aslı Elgün
The Usage of Mens Archetypes in Ancient Greek Mythology to Build Gender Toles; A Researching on Men Magazines
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Nevzat Kaya
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2003.
 
Author: Özlem Değerli
Ecological Balance and the Mutations of Womans Traditional and Sexual Roles
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Havva Neşe Özgen
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2003.
 
Author: Şule Yüksel
Analyzing the Use of Metaphor with Respect to Gender Representations in Literary Works
Advisor: Doç. Dr. Melek Göregenli
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2004.
 
Author: Feza Onurgil
Analysis of the Gender Roles and Modes of Resolving Congnitive Dissonance in the Novels of Adalet Agaoglu and Orhan Pamuk
Advisor: Doç. Dr. Melek Göregenli
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2004.
 
Author: Funda Tosun Coşkun
A Study on the Cult of Goddness Based George Thomson's Theories
Advisor: Doç. Dr. Solmaz Zelyüt
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2006.
 
Author: Şehribanu Sanem Doğan
In Terms of Gender Role Attitudes, Women's Body Perception and Its Effects on Their Psycho-social Adjustment and Self-esteem
Advisor: Yrd. Doç. Dr. Gül Eryüksel Varan
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2005.
 

Author: Şükriye Mine Çaltı
Eros and Civilization
Advisor: Yrd. Doç. Dr. Nilsen Gökçen
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2011.

 
Author: Emek Semen Yakar
Women Movements in İzmir (1928-1978)
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Serap Yılmaz
Ege University, Women's Studies, 2004.